What Is ADHD?

 ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

There are three presentations of ADHD:

  • Inattentive
  • Hyperactive; and
  • Combined type

Confusion often arises as people often refer to the inattentive presentation as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD).

However, since 1994, the official term covering ALL THREE presentations is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

For the sake of correctness the term ADHD will be used throughout this website.

Inattentive ADHD presentation:

  • Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes
  • Has difficulty sustaining attention
  • Does not appear to listen
  • Struggles to follow through on instructions
  • Has difficulty with organisation
  • Avoids or dislikes tasks requiring a lot of thinking
  • Loses things
  • Is easily distracted
  • Is forgetful in daily activities

Hyperactive-impulsive ADHD presentation:

  • Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in chair
  • Has difficulty remaining seated
  • Runs about or climbs excessively in children; extreme restlessness in adults
  • Difficulty engaging in activities quietly
  • Acts as if driven by a motor
  • Talks excessively
  • Blurts out answers before questions have been completed
  • Difficulty waiting or taking turns
  • Interrupts or intrudes upon others

Combined inattentive & hyperactive-impulsive ADHD presentation:

  • Has symptoms from both of the above presentations

Useful Websites: